First Environment Conference in Khartoum State: Complicated problems, but solution is not difficult



Belgees Fagir
Khartoum-9-2-2016-(SUNA )- Environment problems of Khartoum and Climate Changes, the issue of desertification and shelterbelts around the state and its environmental and urban effects are issues that are expected to be discussed in the First Conference on Environment which will convene in Khartoum in the coming days.
The conference is organized by the Higher Council of Environment Urban and Rural Promotion in Khartoum state during March 12 - 15 to discuss environmental problems faced the state. The most important issues to review at the conference are trees' plantation and the means to benefit from trees it in addressing degradation of environment in Khartoum.
Khartoum state is located in a desert and semi- desert climate. In past century and until the sixties, Khartoum state has been characterized by high density of trees. But due to many reasons the population has increased and climate changes have occurred all over Sudan. Most of these trees and forests areas have disappeared, a matter that caused clearly a bad climate change such as disparity in rainfall rates, increase of desertification and higher degrees of temperature.
The number of population in three cities of Khartoum State has reached 6.8 million according to latest official statistics. The increase is happening much in Omdurman which is the western city of the National Capital. The population growth is lesser in Khartoum North and Khartoum city.
The Minster of Environment and Urban Promotion in Khartoum State, General Omar Nimir said that one of important aims of the conference is to work an action plan to accomplish Shelterbelt of Khartoum State which is considered one of the biggest projects to face climate changes and to attract the internal and external support.
The conference aims to attract Support from many organizations and funds that will be supportive to the issues of environment and climate such as Green Climate Fund, IEAD FAO, UN Environment Program, the World Organization of Bioenergy, the UN Development Program (UNDP), the Arab Organization for Agriculture Development, UNESCO, UNICEF and other organizations that are concerned with rural and urban development. Nimir said that the UK, India, France, China, Australia will participate and support the conference according to its international role in protecting the environment and reducing the effects of climate change in the developing countries.
The conference will tackle four pivotal issues via number of scientific papers including desertification, issue of shelterbelts in Sudan, vital methods to combat desertification. Nimir explained went on to say that the second pivotal of environment includes climate change, environment problems in Khartoum State, the effect of shelterbelt on environment, carbon effects, renewable energy which is friendly to environment. The third pivot issue is water and irrigation with the aim to tackle methods of water harvest, places of underground water in the belt area. The fourth pivotal issue is establishing and administrating the shelterbelt and discussing the participation of the people's societies who live around and their role in sustaining and securing the belt and estimating the environment effects to the belt region and its benefits.
In Khartoum State, there is no timberland area or urban forests excluding one forest in Khartoum which is called Sonut forest in the centre of State Khartoum near the water course of the White and Blue Niles, but it is neglected and of limited of use because it is covered with water for around 6 months in the year. The used area is 04% out of the total area 400,000 feddans. The National Forests Corporation has accomplished around 18 activities during past 30 years to rehabilitate this forest. The last one was an agreement with Sonut Company to make two thirds of the forest as urban area and one third to establish a Golf playground, but the agreement was not accomplished.
The most prominent points of the final agreement of the Climate Summit in Paris in December 2015 were to reduce increase of temperature, review obligatory promises every five years, increase the finance aid to South countries, in addition to a decisions relating to the sustainable environment.
Rich Countries were asked in 2009 to provide 100 billion US dollars annually, in beginning as of the year 2020 to help the developing countries to use clean energies for adjusting the emission of greenhouse gases which harms rich countries in the first place. The agreement stated that according to developing countries demand, the amount of 100 billion US dollars is the minimum level and a new higher number will be suggested in the year 2025.
The developed countries have refused to pay alone and called on other countries to participate such as China, South Korea, Singapore and the rich oil countries. Fore that the agreement stated that the Developed countries shall provide finance sources to support the developing countries and "we encourage other parties (states or groups of states) to provide volunteer aid".

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