World: New Inquiries from International Development Committee: Forced displacement in Africa/Combating Climate Change
- Forced displacement in Africa
- UK Aid for combating Climate Change
On launching two new inquiries, the Chair of the Committee, Stephen Twigg MP, said:
"As a member of the UN, the UK has signed up to achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Today, we launch two distinct inquiries which relate directly to the UK's contributions to how refugees are provided for and to our responsibilities on climate change.
"According to official figures, there are now 68.5 million forcibly displaced people worldwide. Our inquiry into the forced displacement of people will focus on East Africa. In South Sudan, for example, civil war has given rise to substantial refugee flows throughout the region. There are currently 1.1 million South Sudanese refugees in Uganda, over 750,000 in Sudan and almost 450,000 in Ethiopia.
"The issue of climate change has never been more topical. It is a global challenge which impacts on us all, but falls disproportionately on the world's poorest countries. DFID spends a substantial amount of money on climate change adaptation; the rest of it focussed on mitigating the effects of climate change. Working with our colleagues on ICAI, we'll be exploring whether the Department has the right approach.
"Of course, there are occasions when the impact of climate change, and the forced displacement of people, go hand in hand, but we launch these inquiries separately to give each topic the individual attention they deserve."
The closing date for written evidence are in September: Forced Displacement, September 21 and Climate Change, 28 September.
Forced Displacement in Africa
Africa is home to almost one third of all forcibly displaced people worldwide. This includes more than 13 million internally displaced people (IDPs), 5.6m refugees and more than 700,000 stateless individuals.
The International Development Committee's new inquiry will have a particular focus on East Africa. Civil war in South Sudan and two decades of conflict in Somalia have caused substantial movement of peoples prompting different approaches from neighbouring countries that host large numbers of these refugees. The Committee will investigate concerns for those IDPs who do not live in camps and who are said to be neglected by international aid efforts.
The UK, along with other UN member states, pledged to meet the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals, including the commitment to "leave no one behind". Two further UN agreements on refugees and migration are due to be adopted by the end of 2018 (although the US government has signalled it will not sign up to either).
Further details of the inquiry and how to submit evidence available here: https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/international-development-committee/news-parliament-2017/forced-displacement-launch-17-19/
UK Aid for Combating Climate Change
As the UK Government plans to spend £1 billion of its bilateral Official Development Assistance (ODA) on climate-related issues in 2017-18, the International Development Committee is keen to explore the contribution of such spending to climate change mitigation and adaptation in vulnerable developing countries - and the potential consequences of inaction. The Committee is also interested to assess the contribution of successfully tackling climate change to other key development objectives. The Sustainable Development Goals include a specific goal to take urgent action to combat climate change and its impact. A major UN summit on climate change takes place in Poland later this year.
Almost two thirds of the Government's ODA spending on climate related issues is made through the Department for International Development with around one third through the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. Approximately half of the budget - and most of the DFID spend - is focussed on climate change adaptation, while the other half targets climate change mitigation (driving low-carbon growth). The Committee will explore whether this is the right balance.
The effectiveness of number of climate-focused agencies which the UK helps to fund will be considered in light of mixed reviews from the 2016 Multilateral Development Review. During the inquiry, MPs will work closely with the Independent Commission for Aid Impact (ICAI) which is conducting its own review on UK aid for low carbon development.
Further details of the inquiry and how to submit evidence available here: https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/international-development-committee/news-parliament-2017/climate-change-launch-17-19/
Stephen Twigg MP, Chair (Lab (Co-op) Liverpool, West Derby)
Richard Burden MP (Lab, Birmingham, Northfield)
Mr Nigel Evans MP (Con, Ribble Valley)
Mrs Pauline Latham OBE MP (Con, Mid Derbyshire)
Chris Law MP (SNP, Dundee West)
Mr Ivan Lewis MP (Ind, Bury South)
Mark Menzies MP (Con, Fylde)
Lloyd Russell-Moyle MP (Lab (Co-op) Brighton, Kemptown)
Paul Scully MP (Con, Sutton and Cheam)
Mr Virendra Sharma MP (Lab, Ealing, Southall)
Henry Smith MP, (Con, Crawley)
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