Sudan: WFP Sudan: Country Brief, September 2016
From January to December 2016, WFP Sudan plans to assist 4.6 million affected people, of which 3.9 million reside in Darfur. Thus far, WFP has reached 2.8 million people or 61 percent of the people in need - distributing 132,800 mt of food across Sudan.
In September, WFP Sudan assisted 1.9 million people with general food assistance and 141,800 children under five and pregnant and nursing women with nutrition assistance.
WFP continues to prioritize its emergency response to meet the needs of those affected this year by the clashes in Jebel Marra, the El Niño weather phenomenon and refugees fleeing instability in South Sudan.
In July 2015, WFP Sudan launched a two-year Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 200808, which initially targeted 5.2 million people. Following longstanding efforts to bring improved food security to vulnerable communities in Sudan facing complex emergencies, the PRRO supports a gradual shift from relief operations to recovery and resilience activities. In June 2016, WFP incorporated the increased food and nutrition needs as a result of an influx of South Sudanese refugees, the impact of El Niño, and Jebel Marra conflictrelated displacements through a budget revision to the existing PRRO, bringing the total number of people facing acute and chronic food and nutrition insecurity targeted to receive food assistance from July 2015 to June 2017 to 6.1 million.
The PRRO maintains a robust relief component (60 percent) for new and protracted displaced populations facing food insecurity and malnutrition complemented by an early recovery portfolio (40 percent). For new and longstanding Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), WFP provides general food assistance and cash based transfers (CBTs), food assistance for assets (FFA) or food assistance for training (FFT) activities, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) treatment and prevention programmes for malnourished children and pregnant and nursing women, and school feeding for school-age children in food insecure areas.
Refugees are provided with general food assistance and nutrition assistance. Vulnerable residents receive assistance in the form of seasonal support, nutrition assistance, food and CBTs through their participation in FFA and FFT activities and school meals which includes take-home entitlements to support girls' continued education.
WFP mainstreams gender into existing activities by targeting a higher proportion of women as food recipients and integrating women into community food management and voucher committees – as women are often exposed to the risk of violence in areas of conflict and displacement in Sudan and a large portion of households are led by women, burdened with added responsibilities during crises.
Additional activities implemented through trust funds include the Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) Initiative in Darfur, the Joint Resilience Programme with FAO and UNICEF in Kassala state and the micronutrient powder home fortification and stunting reduction pilot in Red Sea and North Darfur states.
WFP’s programmatic framework for protracted displacement aims to promote self-reliance of IDPs through integrated and targeted assistance packages that address food insecurity and increase self-reliance. Central to this strategy is the establishment of a vulnerabilitybased targeting system – IDP Profiling – which allows for response options to be tailored to different levels of vulnerability.
In line with WFP Strategic Objectives 1 and 2, Sustainable Development Goal 2 and the Zero Hunger Challenge, the PRRO supports implementation of the government’s humanitarian and development policies and priorities and the Humanitarian Response Plan.