Sudan: WFP Sudan: Country Brief, October 2016
From January to December 2016, WFP Sudan plans to assist 4.6 million affected people, of which 3.9 million reside in Darfur. Thus far, WFP has reached 2.9 million people or 63 percent of the people in need.
In October, WFP Sudan assisted 1.3 million people with general food assistance, and 84,337 children under five and 31,208 pregnant and nursing women with nutrition assistance.
In South Darfur, WFP launched a cash pilot, supported by the DFID innovation fund, which will provide unconditional cash transfers and analyze the comparative advantages between different modalities and delivery mechanisms through an impact study.
In July 2015, WFP Sudan launched a two-year Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 200808, which initially targeted 5.2 million people. Following longstanding efforts to bring improved food security to vulnerable communities in Sudan facing complex emergencies, the PRRO supports a gradual shift from relief operations to recovery and resilience activities. In June 2016, WFP incorporated the increased food and nutrition needs as a result of an influx of South Sudanese refugees, the impact of El Niño, and Jebel Marra conflictrelated displacements through a budget revision to the existing PRRO, bringing the total number of people facing acute and chronic food and nutrition insecurity targeted to receive food assistance from July 2015 to June 2017 to 6.1 million.
The PRRO maintains a robust relief component (60 percent) for new and protracted displaced populations facing food insecurity and malnutrition complemented by an early recovery portfolio (40 percent). For new and longstanding Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), WFP provides general food assistance and cash based transfers (CBTs), food assistance for assets (FFA) or food assistance for training (FFT) activities which help reduce gender disparities between men and women by promoting equal access to resources, divisions of labour, decision making power and accessing to information. WFP also provides moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) treatment and prevention programmes for malnourished children and pregnant and nursing women. WFP’s school feeding for school-age children in food insecure areas contributes to gender equality by acting as an incentive to send and keep girls enrolled and attending school in states such as Kassala and Red Sea States where gender disparity ratios are the highest.
Refugees are provided with general food assistance and nutrition assistance. Vulnerable residents receive assistance in the form of seasonal support, nutrition assistance, food and CBTs through their participation in FFA and FFT activities and school meals which includes take-home entitlements to support girls' continued education.
WFP mainstreams gender into existing activities by targeting a higher proportion of women as food recipients and integrating women into community food management and voucher committees – as women are often exposed to the risk of violence in areas of conflict and displacement in Sudan and a large portion of households are led by women, burdened with added responsibilities during crises.
Additional activities implemented through trust funds include the Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) Initiative in Darfur, the Joint Resilience Programme with FAO and UNICEF in Kassala state and the micronutrient powder home fortification and stunting reduction pilot in Red Sea and North Darfur states.
WFP’s programmatic framework for protracted displacement aims to promote self-reliance of IDPs through integrated and targeted assistance packages that address food insecurity and increase self-reliance. Central to this strategy is the establishment of a vulnerability-based targeting system – IDP Profiling – which allows for response options to be tailored to different levels of vulnerability.
In line with WFP Strategic Objectives 1 and 2, Sustainable Development Goal 2 and the Zero Hunger Challenge, the PRRO supports implementation of the government’s humanitarian and development policies and priorities and the Humanitarian Response Plan.