NNPS Enjoying Egalitarian Dev't
Eleven years elapsed since Ethiopia began celebrating Nations, Nationalities and People's Day. Every year, the colourful annual event in the second week of December is held moving across the states while this year's celebration is being held today in Harari State. Since this national holiday has taken attention and popularity over the years, it shall be a very exciting event for the participants to share their cultural values with others and themselves. The celebration is not only filled with unforgettable moments but it is also the demonstration of the multi-benefits the Federal Constitution has bestowed upon the people. For Ethiopians, it gives a chance to meet with an actual member of an ethnic group who could give them first hand information on the values and culture of the group while it allows the foreigners to learn something new and appreciate Ethiopia's unity in diversity.
Since the country began recognizing diversity, it has been enjoying sustainable peace that enabled it to register double digit growth. According to the World Bank, despite an acceleration of GDP growth from 0.5 per cent per annum in 1981-1992 to 4.5 per cent over 1993-2004, Ethiopia was the world's second-poorest country in 2000. Yet the acceleration to 11 per cent in 2004-2014 - better than China or India - gives credibility to the authorities' target of middle income status by 2025.
After devising the policies to accommodate the prevailing diversity among the nation, the Ethiopian government was able to identify its main enemy- poverty. The it determined to wage a war to dismantle the deeply rooted poverty and backwardness from the country. The country leaders' popular slogan till recently has been, "The number one, number two and number three enemy of our country is poverty." The fight against poverty was a monumental challenge. Not only the physical poverty was immense, but also the perception that the people had of poverty had to be transformed, as most of the people were living in agreement with poverty. In order to realize the intended change, the government worked to transform the mentality of the people. Thus, it set series of forums on "Ethiopian Renaissance" making it the centre of the discussions both at the leadership level and the people at large. The series of discussions conducted at different levels played great role in transforming the thoughts of the citizens and preparing them for better lives.
The World Bank in its report in February 2016 stated that Ethiopia's economic growth increased in 1993-2004 to an average of 10.9 from 2004-2014. The result is due to the adoption and implementation of a series of structural economic reforms. The report added that poverty declined substantially from 55.3 per cent in 2000 to 33.5 per cent in 2011. The recent performance assessment of the Growth and Transformation Plan I indicated that poverty had declined to nearly 22 per cent at the end of 2015. Following this progress, life expectancy has been increasing since 2000. The report also indicated that the nation has surpassed many of the Sub-Saharan African countries in several other key development indicators, including child and infant mortality, and as a result, Ethiopia has attained most of the Millennium Development Goals.
The nation has demonstrated a complete transformation of the structure of its economy. Fore instance, agriculture previously had dominant role in the economy, fortunately, these days the service sector plays considerable role in the economy with 46 per cent of GDP as compared to 40 per cent for agriculture. Tax to GDP ratio has reached 13 per cent from almost none in 1991. The habit of saving of the citizens increased to be closer 22 per cent. The total telephone network coverage has reached 96 per cent while the road coverage has grown to connect 70 per cent of the Ethiopian villages with roads.
The country has continued recording considerable achievements in developing energy sources, infrastructure, housing programme and employment opportunity and the like. Considerable number of hydroelectric dams, solar energy and wind energy have been constructed in the past 25 years.
Furthermore, the country has continued demonstrating commendable economic growth. The World Bank's report last Tuesday states that Ethiopia has kept on to be one of the fastest growing economies in the world. World Bank Ethiopia, Sudan and South Sudan Country Director Carolyn Turk said that Ethiopia's economic growth continued to be a respectable eight percent in 2015/16, withstanding the consequences of the drought that often results in economic contraction. The response of the government to mange the circumstances has been effective in the humanitarian works. This resilience that has efficiently absorbed the possible shock due to drought is the exact indication of the prudent investment the nation put in the last 25 years.
In short, since the Ethiopian Constitution established a federal and democratic state structure that acknowledges people's ethnic, linguistic, cultural and religious diversity, sustainable peace and development have continued flourishing. Thus, it is appropriate to deduce that it is only natural for Ethiopia to have a federal constitution and government since it precisely fits to the context of the nation.