Europe and Eurasia: Bosnia and Herzegovina
More information about Bosnia and Herzegovina is available on the Bosnia and Herzegovina Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
U.S.-BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA RELATIONS
The United States established diplomatic relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992 following its independence from Yugoslavia. A period of conflict followed among Bosnia’s Muslims, Croats, and Serbs over control of the former Yugoslav republic’s territory. The 1992-95 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was ended with the crucial participation of the United States in brokering the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement. After leading the diplomatic and military effort to secure the Dayton accords, the United States has continued to lead the effort to ensure its implementation. The United States maintains command of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters in Sarajevo. It also has donated hundreds of millions of dollars to help with reconstruction, humanitarian assistance, economic development, and military reconstruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The United States supports Bosnia and Herzegovina on its path toward full integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions. The country’s progress toward Euro-Atlantic structures–and the democratic, economic, and security commitments that this entails–are essential to the broader stability of the western Balkans. Bosnia and Herzegovina is working toward activation of its Membership Action Plan with NATO. Bosnia and Herzegovina has a Stabilization and Association Agreement with the European Union, and submitted an application for EU candidacy on February 15, 2016.
U.S. Assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina
U.S. Government assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina aims to fully anchor the country in European and Euro-Atlantic institutions, strengthen multi-ethnic democratic institutions and civil society, support strong State-level judiciary and law enforcement sectors, and increase prosperity and attractiveness to foreign investors. A fact sheet on U.S. assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina can be found here.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a transitional economy that is pursuing membership in the European Union and the World Trade Organization. More than 40 U.S. and U.S.-affiliated companies have established a full-time presence in the country. In 2014, the United States exported over $44 million in goods to Bosnia and Herzegovina, while imports totaled over $77 million.
Bosnia and Herzegovina had been designated as a beneficiary country under the United States Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program; however, legal authorization for the GSP program has expired. As of August 1, 2013, imports previously eligible for duty-free treatment under GSP are subject to regular, normal trade relations duties. The U.S. Congress is considering legislation that would extend the authorization of GSP.
Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Membership in International Organizations
Bosnia and Herzegovina and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. Bosnia and Herzegovina also is an observer to the World Trade Organization and the Organization of American States and a participant in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s (NATO) Partnership for Peace program.
Bosnia and Herzegovina maintains an embassy in the United States at 2109 E Street NW, Washington, DC 20037 (tel. 202-337-1500).
More information about Bosnia and Herzegovina is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Bosnia and Herzegovina Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Bosnia and Herzegovina Page
U.S. Embassy: Bosnia and Herzegovina
USAID Bosnia and Herzegovina Page
History of U.S. Relations With Bosnia and Herzegovina
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies (see Yugoslavia (Former))
Travel and Business Information