Διακρίσεις φοιτητών του ΕΚΠΑ σε διεθνείς διαγωνισμούς

Σημαντικές διακρίσεις πέτυχε το Εθνικό Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο σε διεθνείς διαγωνισμούς, καθώς ομάδα φοιτητών κατέκτησε το χρυσό μετάλλιο στον διεθνή διαγωνισμό μαθηματικών SEEMOUS 2016, ενώ η Νομική κατετάγη πρώτη στον Ευρωπαϊκό Γύρο του διεθνούς διαγωνισμού εικονικής δίκης ELSA Moot Court Competition on World Trade Organization Law (EMC2)

Συγκεκριμένα, η ομάδα της Ελληνικής Μαθηματικής Εταιρίας στον διαγωνισμό Seemous 2016 διέπρεψε για άλλη μια φορά κατακτώντας δύο χρυσά  και  δύο Αργυρά μετάλλια. Ο διαγωνισμός διεξήχθη στην Κύπρο από 1-6 Μαρτίου 2016. Ο φοιτητής του ΕΚΠΑ Αντώνης Ζητρήδης, ισοβάθμησε στην πρώτη θέση έχοντας πετύχει άριστη επίδοση 40/40 λύνοντας όλα τα προβλήματα που είχαν θέσει οι διογρανωτές, ενώ ανάλογη επίδοση είχε και ο φοιτητής Μιχάλης Σαράντης με συνολική βαθμολογία 38/40. Αργυρά μετάλλια κατέκτησαν οι φοιτητές του ΕΜΠ Νίκος Μουζάκης 33/40  και Πέτρος  Ντούνης 22/40. Στην ομάδα συμμετείχε και o φοιτητής του ΕΚΠΑ Δημήτρης Κοσμίδης.

Την ομάδα συνόδευε ο υποψήφιος διδάκτορας του τμήματος Μαθηματικών κ. Σιλουανός Μπραζίτικος. Η κοινή ομάδα φοιτητών του ΕΚΠΑ και του ΕΜΠ συνεχίζει έτσι και φέτος μια μακρά παράδοση σημαντικών επιτυχιών σε φοιτητικούς Μαθηματικούς διαγωνισμούς.

Ο διαγωνισμός SEEMOUS (South-Eastern European Mathematics Olympiad for University Students) είναι ένας ετήσιος μαθηματικός διαγωνισμός που ξεκίνησε το ακαδημαϊκό έτος 2006-07, στον οποίο συμμετέχουν πρωτοετείς και δευτεροετείς φοιτητές. Οι φοιτητές διαγωνίζονται μια ημέρα σε τέσσερα προβλήματα, τα οποία είναι μεταφρασμένα στη γλώσσα του κάθε διαγωνιζόμενου και αφορούν την ύλη βασικών μαθημάτων που διδάσκονται στα δύο πρώτα έτη σπουδών σε Τμήματα Μαθηματικών.

Κάθε χρόνο παραδίδονται μαθήματα προετοιμασίας στους ενδιαφερόμενους φοιτητές από μέλη ΔΕΠ του Τμήματος Μαθηματικών του ΕΚΠΑ και της Σχολής Εφαρμοσμένων Μαθηματικών και Φυσικών Επιστημών του ΕΜΠ. Τα τελευταία χρόνια τη διδασκαλία των μαθημάτων υποστηρίζουν ενεργά και φοιτητές που είχαν διακριθεί σε παλαιότερους διαγωνισμούς. Τα μαθήματα ξεκινούν κάθε χρόνο στα μέσα Νοεμβρίου, ενώ τον Ιανουάριο γίνεται διαγωνισμός για την επιλογή της εξαμελούς Εθνικής ομάδας. Εκτός από την Εθνική ομάδα, ομάδες μπορούν να στείλουν και επιμέρους Πανεπιστήμια.

Πρωτιά της Νομικής στον Ευρωπαϊκό Γύρο του διεθνούς διαγωνισμού εικονικής δίκης

Ο Τομέας Διεθνών Σπουδών της Νομικής Σχολής με ιδιαίτερη χαρά ανακοινώνει ότι η Ομάδα προπτυχιακών φοιτητών της Νομικής Σχολής του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών κατέκτησε πρόσφατα την πρώτη θέση στον Ευρωπαϊκό Γύρο του διεθνούς διαγωνισμού εικονικής δίκης ELSA Moot Court Competition on World Trade Organization Law (EMC2), ο οποίος διοργανώνεται για δέκατη τρίτη συνεχή χρονιά από την European Law Students’ Association (ELSA), υπό την αιγίδα, και με την υποστήριξη, του Παγκόσμιου Οργανισμού Εμπορίου (ΠΟΕ).

Η Νομική Σχολή του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών συμμετέχει φέτος για τέταρτη φορά στο διαγωνισμό EMC2, και η Ομάδα της αποτελείται από τους προπτυχιακούς φοιτητές Ευαγγελία Ανευλαβή, Αντιγόνη Ματθαίου, Στυλιανή Περαντάκου και Μάριο Τόκα. Η Ομάδα προετοιμάστηκε υπό την επιστημονική επίβλεψη και καθοδήγηση του λέκτορα κ. Αναστάσιου Γουργουρίνη.

Ο διαγωνισμός EMC2 αποτελεί προσομοίωση της διαδικασίας επίλυσης διακρατικών διαφορών στο πλαίσιο του ΠΟΕ. Η φετινή Υπόθεση του διαγωνισμού EMC2 αφορά στη ρυθμιστική αυτονομία Κρατών-μελών του ΠΟΕ αναφορικά με επιδοτήσεις για παραγωγή ηλεκτρικής ενέργειας κα έρευνα τεχνολογιών ανανεώσιμων πηγών ενέργειας (ΑΠΕ), καθώς και συστήµατα τιµολογίων τροφοδότησης (feed-in tariff schemes). Κάθε συμμετέχουσα ομάδα φοιτητών πρέπει να υποστηρίξει γραπτώς (με υπομνήματα) όσο και προφορικώς (με επίσημη αγόρευση) τόσο την πλευρά του προσφεύγοντος κράτους (Complainant) όσο και του καθ’ ου η προσφυγή κράτους (Respondent) ενώπιον ενός πάνελ ειδικών του Δικαίου του Διεθνούς Εμπορίου.

Ο πρώτος Ευρωπαϊκός Γύρος του φετινού διαγωνισμού EMC2 πραγματοποιήθηκε στο Passau (Γερμανία) στις 21-25 Φεβρουαρίου 2016, και σε αυτόν συμμετείχαν μεταξύ άλλων ομάδες από το Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies της Γενεύης, το Πανεπιστήμιο της Ζυρίχης, το Πανεπιστήμιο της Γενεύης, τη Νομική Σχολή του Αριστοτελείου Πανεπιστημίου Θεσσαλονίκης, τη Νομική Σχολή του Δημοκριτείου Πανεπιστημίου Θράκης, κ.α. Ενόψει της εξαιρετικής επίδοσής της στους αγώνες της προκριματικής φάσης του Ευρωπαϊκού Γύρου του Passau, η Ομάδα της Νομικής Σχολής Αθηνών προκρίθηκε στον Ημιτελικό, όπου και αντιμετώπισε με επιτυχία την ομάδα του Πανεπιστημίου της Ζυρίχης. Στον, δε, Τελικό Αγώνα του Ευρωπαϊκού Γύρου επικράτησε της ομάδας του Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.

Συνολικά, η Ομάδα της Νομικής Σχολής Αθηνών κέρδισε έξι (από τα επτά) θεσμοθετημένα βραβεία του Ευρωπαϊκού Γύρου του Passau: το Βραβείο Καλύτερης Ομάδας του Ευρωπαϊκού Γύρου (Award for Winning Team), το Βραβείο Καλύτερου Υπομνήματος Ενάγοντος(Award for Best Written Submission Complainant), το Βραβείο Καλύτερου Υπομνήματος Εναγομένου (Award for Best Written Submission Respondent), το Βραβείο Καλύτερων Υπομνημάτων συνολικά (Award for Best Written Submission Overall), το Βραβείο για τον Καλύτερο Αγορητή του Ημιτελικού(Award for Best Orator Semi-finals), και το Βραβείο για τον Καλύτερο Αγορητή Τελικού (Award for Best Orator Grand Final). Το έπαθλο των φοιτητών της Ομάδας της Νομικής Σχολής Αθηνών είναι υποτροφίες για την παρακολούθηση εξειδικευμένων μαθημάτων διεθνούς οικονομικού δικαίου στα εγνωσμένης φήμης προγράμματα του World Trade Institute στη Βέρνη και Ιnternational Economic Law and Policy (IELPO) του Πανεπιστημίου της Βαρκελώνης.

Η συμμετοχή των φοιτητών της Ομάδας της Νομικής Σχολής του Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών στον Ευρωπαϊκό Γύρο του φετινού διαγωνισμού EMC2 δεν θα ήταν δυνατή δίχως τη γενναιόδωρη στήριξη των δικηγορικών εταιρειών Δρυλλεράκης & Συνεργάτες και Κυριακίδης Γεωργόπουλος, οι οποίες κάλυψαν το σύνολο των εξόδων μετάβασης και διαμονής των φοιτητών στη Γερμανία, τις οποίες και ευχαριστούμε θερμά. Αρωγός σε αυτή την προσπάθεια ήταν και η ELSA Athens, την οποία επίσης ευχαριστούμε.

Η Ομάδα της Νομικής Σχολής Αθηνών θα συνεχίσει την εντατική προετοιμασία της ενόψει της συμμετοχής της στον Παγκόσμιο Τελικό Γύρο του φετινού διαγωνισμού EMC2  στις 7-12 Ιουνίου 2016 στην έδρα του ΠΟΕ στη Γενεύη, όπου θα αναμετρηθούν οι καλύτερες ομάδες από Ευρώπη, Αμερική, Ασία, Αφρική και Ωκεανία.

Πηγή: kathimerini.gr

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Immigration and Trade: Part One | Sir Ronald Sanders

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Abundance of Danang harbor

Republican presidential hopeful Donald Trump blames trade with Mexico, China, Japan, India and Vietnam for the loss of jobs in the US.

by Sir Ronald Sanders

WASHINGTON, United States, Friday March 11, 2016 – Trade has become an issue in the political party primaries of the US Presidential elections that holds lessons for the countries of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).

I note first that, as far as I am aware, trade has never been an issue in the general elections of the 15 member countries of CARICOM, even though from time to time CARICOM itself has been raised on the political hustings. On the occasions when CARICOM has been the subject of general election discourse, the focus has been on immigration when some politicians have sought to gain political visibility by climbing on the back of anti-immigrant sentiment.

Interestingly in the current US political debate – if what transpires in the Republican camp can be dignified by that description – both immigration and trade have emerged as issues.

At the extreme is Donald Trump who is now leading in the Republican Party primaries. On immigration, Trump wants to build a wall to stop Mexicans from entering the US; he wants an all-out ban on all Muslims entering the country; he blames other immigrants for “low wages” in the US (as if they pay themselves) and for taking jobs from Americans (even though the Americans do not want such jobs, mostly manual labour). And, of course, he blames immigrants for crime in the US, claiming that they are, among other things, “rapists”. The fact that the vast majority of criminals in prison are US born and grown does not temper Trump’s vitriolic assertions.

As happens when any untruth is persistently repeated and goes largely unchallenged by the media that help to spread it, Trump’s untruths on immigration have become fact in the minds of his supporters whose numbers, unfortunately, seem to be growing. In the course of all this – and in the remarks he makes at his rallies – Trump is feeding an insurgent racism in the underbelly of the US, particularly among Ku-Klux-Klan activists and Nazi-types. In throwing out protestors from his rallies and encouraging their manhandling – one a young, black woman unarmed and alone – Trump has declared that he would himself like “to punch them in the face”.

Thankfully, in the Caribbean, even among the worst of the politicians who have played to the anti-immigrant lobby, the situation never quite reached the depths to which Trump has sunk. But, it is worth noting that, curiously, the convulsions concerning immigration in the Caribbean have been directed by Caribbean people to Caribbean people. It seems that immigration of others (North Americans and Europeans), including taking jobs, is more acceptable; it is immigration amongst Caribbean people that is most unpalatable.

Let’s stick a pin on inter-Caribbean migration for a moment. We will return to it. For now, let us consider the outbursts on trade that have flowed from Donald Trump.

He blames trade with Mexico, China, Japan, India and Vietnam for the loss of jobs in the US. In this regard, he intends to “tear up” the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) – the main arrangement for trade and investment with Mexico. It appears to have conveniently escaped him that Canada (the US’ single largest trading partner) is also party to NAFTA, and that tearing up the agreement will adversely affect trade with Canada as well. It also seems to have eluded his attention that NAFTA is a legally binding agreement with arbitration provisions. Further, since it is an agreement that exists under the umbrella of World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, that international body for setting trade rules might have something to say about it.

Trump seems to believe that trade should be a one-way street for the US, and that if he closes or reduces trade with the countries he has listed, they won’t retaliate by buying less US goods and services. It also seems to have missed him completely that no country is compelling Americans to buy its goods and services, and no country is forcing US companies to locate outside the US. US consumers buy goods and services from other countries because they cost less, and US companies locate in other countries because costs of production are cheaper, including labour and talent.

The fortress into which Trump wants to make the US against trade and immigration (two things that have built the US economy) will quickly become a prison. Instead of keeping out imports and immigrants, it will keep in expensive goods and services as well as confine Americans. Additionally, it would set off a global trade war. And, as history has taught, all wars of violence start from an economic base.

Sadly, on the other side of the political divide in the party political primaries, Bernie Sanders of the Democratic Party also blames trade for loss of jobs. He too wants to tear up NAFTA and all other trade agreements, including the Free Trade Agreement with Central American countries and the Trans-Pacific Partnership. All of them, he says, have cost thousands of Americans to lose their jobs.

There is, of course, evidence that factories have been closed and jobs have been lost in mid-western states of the US because of their lack of capacity to compete against production of similar goods from other countries with cheaper labour costs and lower tax rates. But the jobs – real or potential – that have been lost in the vast majority of countries of the world that import from the US are far greater than losses in the US. The problem in the US is that, despite its great resources, it made very little provision for replacing inefficient companies that could not cope with competition, and it did not invest in retraining workers that were displaced. Even re-generation of towns and infrastructure for transportation was neglected.

So, both Trump and Sanders have escalated a one-sided argument on trade for their political purposes – designed to lure both disaffected and supremacist Americans into blaming trade with selected foreign countries for their view of that they have “to make America great again”. Incidentally, India and Vietnam are not among the top 15 of the US trading partners; they rank well below Britain and Germany for instance. Why Trump blames them is consistent with his unfortunate racial and religious profiling.

Sensibly, Hillary Clinton has not descended into these arguments which cannot stand up to factual analysis.

Next week: The parallels with CARICOM

Click here to receive free news bulletins via email from Caribbean360. (View sample)

ronald-sandersThe opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of Sir Ronald Sanders. Sir Ronald Sanders is an Antigua and Barbuda Ambassador and Senior Fellow at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, London University and Massey College, Toronto University.

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No Model Is Optimal for Britain's Post-Exit Ties to EU

Proponents of a British departure from the European Union face a challenge that doesn’t confront those arguing for the status quo. They must reassure voters that leaving won’t create economic turmoil. As part of that, they have to lay out their expectations for the U.K.’s future relationship with a bloc that in 2014 accounted for 44% of its exports.

No member state has ever left. The only partial precedents—Greenland in 1985 and Algeria’s departure upon independence from France in 1962—aren’t helpful. Still, leaving the…

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Brexit ‘will cost lamb and beef suppliers 330m in exports’

WITHDRAWAL from the EU could jeopardise jobs and investment in British agriculture, with farmers losing as much as £330 million on lamb and beef exports alone, David Cameron has claimed.

The Prime Minister warned that British farmers could “suffer enormously” if the UK votes to leave the EU in the referendum he has called for June 23.

Mr Cameron was putting agriculture at the centre of his latest appeal for voters to remain part of the 28-nation bloc as he visited a farm in north Wales. He was later due to address the Welsh Conservative conference.

He said that more than 90% of UK lamb and beef exports – worth around £605 million – currently go to the EU. The farming sector contributes £9.9 billion to the UK economy and employs almost half a million people.

If farmers had to rely on World Trade Organisation rules, rather than EU membership, to secure access to the market of 500 million people in Europe, they could be faced with tariffs costing £240 million a year for beef and £90 million for lamb, he said.

“British farmers and food producers rely on the single market,” said Mr Cameron.

“It gives them access to 500 million consumers, to whom they can sell their goods on an open, unrestricted basis. No tariffs, no barriers, no bogus health and safety rules designed to keep our products out.

“If we left this single market and – as some suggest – relied on World Trade Organisation rules, the extra costs of exporting British beef would be £240 million a year. An extra £90 million would be added to the cost of British lamb exports.

“British agriculture, British farmers and British jobs could suffer enormously if we were to leave the single market.”

His comments came as speculation continued over the source of a newspaper story suggesting that the Queen voiced concerns over the UK’s EU membership in a private lunch with former deputy prime minister Nick Clegg.

Buckingham Palace has lodged a formal complaint with the Independent Press Standards Organisation (Ipso) about the report in The Sun which appeared under the headline “Queen Backs Brexit”.

But Mr Cameron rejected calls for an official investigation into the leak of the reported comments, insisting that the matter was being dealt with by the Independent Press Standards Organisation and there was no need for a further inquiry.

Speaking on BBC Sussex, Mr Cameron said: “The Palace has made a very clear statement, the former deputy prime minister has made a very clear statement saying that this didn’t happen and I think we should leave it at that.

“There is obviously a proper investigation now being held by the press complaints commission and I think we should let them do their work.”

His comments came as Michael Gove – an ardent Leave campaigner – emerged as the prime suspect for the source of the leak.

The Justice Secretary was one of just four ministers, including Mr Clegg, present at a meeting of the Privy Council held at Windsor Castle in April 2011 when it is thought the conversation with the Queen took place.

A spokeswoman for Mr Gove has refused to comment publicly on the claims, however Mr Cameron appeared to accept that he was not involved.

“These are very serious matters but as far as I can see Michael Gove has made clear that he has no idea where this story came from either,” he told BBC Oxford.

The editor of The Sun Tony Gallagher has strongly defended his paper’s reporting and the “Queen Backs Brexit” headline – even though she did not explicitly advocate leaving the EU in either of the reported conversations referred to in the story.

“Multiple sources – two sources to be precise – came to us with information about the Queen and her views on the EU and we would have been derelict in our duty if we didn’t put them in the paper. It’s as simple as that,” he told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme.

Labour MP Wes Streeting has written to the Cabinet Secretary Sir Jeremy Heywood urging him to investigate the leak, saying it would be an “extremely serious breach” of Privy Council rules if it came from one of their meetings.

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Interferry acts on ro-ro deck fire safety

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Trade association Interferry has produced operational best practice guidance for fire safety on ro-ro vehicle decks in response to a string of major incidents. Measures to enhance fire prevention, detection and suppression highlight the need for continuous monitoring, rapid response and optimum efficiency of deluge drencher systems.

The guidance is based on input from a questionnaire sent to association members last year following at least seven serious fire incidents on ro-pax ships in Europe since 2010. The two most recent incidents resulted in fatalities and total loss of the ships, prompting the initiative by Interferry’s Operators Policy Committee to identify and publicise a common set of best practice mitigating actions.

The findings have been coordinated by an ad hoc working group and are now being circulated to members. The conclusions will also provide technical and operational feedback for fire-related regulatory discussions at the International Maritime Organization (IMO), where Interferry has consultative status.

The best practices identified by members are ranked on a rising scale of importance from 1 to 5, with those scoring 4 or 5 being put forward as the following key recommendations:
· Training and drills should emphasise the importance of a rapid response team proceeding directly to the scene of reported smoke/fire with fire extinguishers and without stopping to dress in firefighting gear

· Training should also emphasise the importance of adopting a defensive firefighting posture after the initial response – the paramount requirement being rapid establishment of containment boundaries on all sides of the fire

· For voyages longer than 20nm, no passengers should be allowed access to any ro-ro deck when the ship is under way without the expressed consent of the master or the designated officer. Any passengers allowed access shall be supervised

· During the voyage all vehicle decks should be continuously monitored – with particular attention to connected reefer units and electric vehicles – via technical equipment such as CCTV, by crew patrols or a combination of remote supervision and crew inspection

· The frequency of flushing existing deluge systems as prescribed in MSC.Circ.1432 9.3.1 should be increased from once to twice per five-year period

· For installations in new ships, the deluge system should be manufactured from non-corrosive materials to prevent blockage

· Operators should ensure that all vessels are fitted with addressable fire detectors, as per the mandatory requirement for new passenger ships since 2010

Among other best practices, the guidance addresses the increased fire hazard posed by reefer units and charging of electric vehicles by recommending that only connectors and cables provided by the ship should be used to supply power, with only qualified ship’s crew carrying out the procedures. Operators are also urged to review the positioning of lifesaving appliances to ensure that their integrity and accessibility are protected from heat, smoke and flames passing through ro-ro deck side openings.

Interferry stresses that the guidance is primarily of an operational nature. On design and technical issues that have emerged, operators have concluded that more research is needed to establish best practices, notably regarding the fluid dynamics effects related to crosswinds over open ro-ro decks.

Regulatory affairs director Johan Roos comments: “Work to enhance fire safety is a never-ending process and this guidance is a timely further step in that direction. The best practices suggested by our members should carry huge weight because they reflect years of hands-on experience. They share knowledge on what we already know – that prevention is better than cure – and they remind us that, if the worst happens, every second counts in minimising the effects.”

Further to this initial round of guidance, Interferry plans to issue a more comprehensive version in order to include additional input that is still being provided by members – not only operators but, importantly, also classification societies.
Source: InterFerry

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