Brexit, Fed and China jitters rattle emerging markets
LONDON, June 13 — Emerging market stocks saw their biggest fall since February today as anxiety grew ahead of a referendum on Britain’s potential exit from the European Union and a US Federal Reserve policy meeting.
Data pointing to a slowdown in China’s economy and a break back to US$50 a barrel for oil added to the pressures, with MSCI’s benchmark EM index declining 1.7 per cent to take its losses over the last three sessions to over 4 per cent.
Brexit jitters found traction in eastern Europe as Polish zloty and Hungarian forint volatility forwards surged to their highest in a year and six months respectively. Poland has especially close links to the UK with more than 850,000 of its citizens living in Britain and a net inflow of 20,000-30,000 going there each year.
Eastern European exports to Britain as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) are also significant. The Czech Republic is most exposed at around 4.6 per cent of GDP, followed by Poland at around 3 per cent and Hungary at around 2 per cent, according to Morgan Stanley.
“There is increasing concern about Brexit as the vote gets closer and the market is now in a risk-off mode,” said TD Securities head of emerging markets strategy Cristian Maggio.
Concerns about a slowdown in China’s giant economy were fanned by data showing the growth in fixed-asset investment slipped below 10 per cent for the first time since 2000 and investment by private firms slowed to a record low.
Chinese stocks closed down over 3 per cent, their biggest tumble since February, as investment in real estate also posted its first year-on-year slowdown in growth since December, though property sales by area surged 32 per cent.
“These leading indicators seem to be telling us that the Chinese economy won’t be as strong this quarter and going forward,” UBS economist Manik Narain said.
China does not want a trade war with Europe, Premier Li Keqiang said today at a news briefing alongside German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who called for more talks with Beijing on its market economy status under the World Trade Organisation.
China watchers are also gearing for a decision tomorrow by equity index provider MSCI on whether to add domestically listed Chinese stocks — also known as A-shares — to its EM benchmark.
It already includes Chinese shares listed in other parts of the world. The addition of A-shares would be a symbolic step.
“We haven’t really seen any ability of Chinese stocks to rally ahead of the MSCI decision,” said Narain, who expects MSCI to start by adding around 5 per cent of A-shares from next June, before building the amount up over a number of years. “China’s share (of EM index) could grow from 25-26 per cent now to around 40 per cent,” he said.
Elsewhere, Russia’s rouble fell for its third day running as oil prices broke below US$50 a barrel. Emerging Asian currencies also lost ground against the safe-haven yen as the Japanese currency touched a three-year high against both the euro and sterling on Brexit nerves and ahead of meetings of both the Bank of Japan and Fed this week. — Reuters