‫آريا 9 وفاليا توقعان اتفاق شراكة للدفع قدما بسوق تعليم الشركات البالغة قيمته عدة مليارات الدولارات في الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا

الشراكة الاستراتيجية ستغير مستقبل التعليم الشركاتي بوسطن والرياض، المملكة العربية السعودية، 31 تشرين الأول/أكتوبر، 2017 / بي آر نيوزواير / — وقعت شركتا Area9 Learning وValia Investments شراكة طويلة الأمد

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Uganda: UNHCR-Environmental Health Expert (Team Leader) P3-Kampala, Uganda

Background

The Government of Uganda has an open door policy and has continuously allowed humanitarian access and protection to people seeking refuge on its territory. In 2017, the Government of Uganda’s Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), UNHCR and humanitarian partners are responding to emergency refugee influxes and providing protection, care and assistance to 1,277,476 refugees registered in Uganda as at 31 May 2017.

Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework – Uganda is a model country for the implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in accordance with the New York Declaration on Refugees and Migrants. Therefore this proposal includes activities relevant to the CRRF and to the Refugee and Host Population Empowerment (ReHoPE) strategy, which existed in Uganda prior to the signing of the New York Declaration. Accordingly, the emergency response interventions in Uganda are within the context of mid to longer term development and the wider framework of refugees / host community assistance.

UNHCR in Uganda has high level of emergency preparedness, including temporary reception and transit facilities for refugees from South Sudan, the DRC and Burundi, and has well established response procedures, therefore it was able to cope with latest waves of influx. Nevertheless, transit facilities temporarily became very over-crowded and new settlements, Bidibidi, Palorinya, Imvepi and Palabek had to be opened rapidly in Yumbe, Moyo, Arua and Lamwo districts, respectively. In a matter of months, Bidibidi transformed into a settlement hosting 272,206 South Sudanese refugees, while Palorinya hosts an estimated 172,059, Imvepi has reached over 107,330 and Palabek has already received and settled more than 27,269 refugees. The majority of the refugees are hosted in settlements which are located on land gazetted by the government or on land donated by hosting communities. These settlements are administered by the government which also ensures area security. Around 10 per cent of the refugee population live in urban centres, primarily in Kampala, where they can access the same public services as Ugandan nationals.

South Sudanese Refugees – since the South Sudan crisis erupted in December 2013, Uganda has continuously received refugees from the country. Monthly refugee influx rates have fluctuated but have reached an order of magnitude in the tens of thousands as depicted in the graph below. A mass influx began on 8 July 2016 after fighting broke out in South Sudan’s capital Juba and continues unabated more than 11 months later .

Democratic Republic of Congo refugees – The influx from the DRC has been continuous since 2012, albeit at a lower scale than the influx from South Sudan. Refugees arrive mainly from North Kivu through various border points along Uganda’s south-western border.

Burundian refugees – Refugees from Burundi transit mainly through Rwanda to reach Uganda and cite family reunification, the favourable Uganda refugee policy and other protection issues as the reasons why they choose to seek refuge in Uganda. The influx from Burundi started in April 2015 and has continued at a low rate.

Aim of the Mission

Due to the exceptional constraints on the capacities to deliver effective WASH and other Environmental Health services to the refugee populations in the settlements, there is a need for a strategic approach to address Environmental Health interventions, taking into consideration an integrated and a holistic approach.

UNHCR is in the process of developing a comprehensive and sustainable Environmental Health Strategy (EHS) that is aimed at addressing the needs of refugees and affected host communities in a strategic manner and developmental approach. This will be closely coordinated with all external stakeholders at all levels, including Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), Government line ministries and relevant entities, UN Agencies, NGOs, WASH Sector, Public and Private development agencies; and academic sector; as well as internally with all relevant units within UNHCR (Health, Protection, Field, Education, Information Management, etc.)

To lead the implementation of the EHS, UNHCR intends to deploy a team of Environmental Health Specialists under the leadership of the Environmental Health Expert and Team Leader (EHE/TL). The EHE/TL will be based in UNHCR Office in Kampala, UGANDA, with frequent and regular visits to the field.

Mission OBJECTIVES

The primary objective of the EHE/TL will be to roll out the Environmental Health Strategy (EHS) under the umbrella of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) and in line with the national and international guidelines, standards and master plans.

The following are the key deliverables by the end of December 2017:

1-Environmental Health inventory provided for the 12 settlements (and related neighbouring host communities as may be relevant);

2-Environmental Health needs assessment for the 12 settlements (and related neighbouring host communities as may be relevant);

3-Provide water sector analysis (current to mid-long term) with indicators, activities, outcomes and outputs;

4-Provide sanitation sector analysis (current to mid-long term) with indicators, activities, outcomes and outputs;

5-Provide energy and air sector analysis (current to mid-long term) with indicators, activities, outcomes and outputs;

6-Provide land and habitat analysis (current to mid-long term) with indicators, activities, outcomes and outputs;

7-Prepare comprehensive Environmental Health Response Plan for the 12 settlements;

8-Prepare Technical Atlas on land, habitat, water, sanitation, energy and air sectors for the 12 settlements;

9-Prepare geodatabase (ACAD, GIS ESRI, XLS) for the 12 settlements;

10-Prepare Technical guidelines / presentation on the EH sectors, sub-sectors and programmes and tools;

11-Prepare Human Capacity Building Programme at internal, external and project-based for UNHCR and external partners;

12-Provide communication documentation and database (including picture, report, maps, monkey survey, mobile survey, movies) in local language and/or English;

13-Prepare actor mapping analysis;

14-Develop an exit strategy with focus on handing over responsibility of the Environmental Health services to local authorities as part of the development approach.

Responsibilities

Under the supervision of Senior Technical Coordinator, the Environmental Health Expert (Team Leader) will:

1- Coordinate and compile all the data collected during the inventory phase to prepare the Needs Assessment Report and mid to long term Response Plan. The EHE/TL will work closely with the hydrogeologists currently deployed;

2- Conduct and develop synergies with District Local Governments (DLGs) hosting refugees, in particular in the water, sanitation and other EH sectors of the Environmental Health domain with a strong emphasis on community-based collaboration / participation inside the camps/settlements and in neighbouring host communities;

3- Be responsible for the overall quality of the Environmental Health activities and will work in close collaboration with UNHCR heads of units and external partners;

4- Contribute to business development / resource mobilization, steering the quality of technical advisory services, and overall management of the Environmental Health team of expert (Environmental Health Specialist, GIS Specialist, Solid Waste Specialist, etc.);

5- Enhance the quality, sustainability and visibility of the Environmental Health interventions through internal and external networking and innovative communication tools;

6- Harmonize the new project proposals developed under the response plan to guarantee its sustainability, efficiency and innovation principles and operation and maintenance requirements;

7- Manage the geodatabase collected during the inventory process, which shall be aligned with national, regional and international sectors;

8- Prepare, in close collaboration with the internal and external staff involved in the strategy, specific study cases for specific camps/settlements and/or specific sector (i.e. water protection, catchment areas, etc.) to be shared and developed within UNHCR and with national and international partners for scaling up and lessons learned;

9- Ensure uniform understanding and practices in planning, reporting, monitoring, and evaluation of Environmental Health projects;

10- Identify and promote best practices of Environmental Health systems, considering environmental sustainability and appropriate technology issues aligned to Public Health impacts;

11- Develop and roll out a human capacity building programme for the existing team members, mainly local staff, through the development of effective and efficient project management tools and systems, including training on Environmental Health domains related to the habitat, water, sanitation and environmental sectors impacting the public health of the targeted population and the efficiency of the infrastructure. This will enhance building capacities of the existing staff to takeover similar responsibilities in the future.

PROFILE

Experience

University degree in Environmental Health Engineering or related fields;

Minimum 10 years of proven experience of which at least 5 years at a senior level.

Essential requirements

Planning and organizing;

Team work;

Initiative;

Accountability.

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Where is the urgency to bring attacks on healthcare to an end?

Where is the urgency to bring attacks on healthcare to an end?

Since my last briefing, brutal attacks have continued, unabated, against the wounded and sick, medical care providers, ambulances and health care facilities.

We are at risk of creating a ‘new normal’: too many actors are legitimizing attacks as “collateral damage” rather than outrageous violations.

The question we need to be asking today is ‘where is the urgency to bring attacks to an end?’

The regularity and brutality of attacks – committed by both state armed forces and non-state armed groups – that ICRC witnesses is nothing short of alarming. The litany of attacks and killings in CAR, Syria and Afghanistan are well known. The losses are tragic, and they continue to occur with shocking regularity in most of the conflicts where the ICRC works, including in Nigeria, the Philippines, Libya, South Sudan, Syria, Iraq and Yemen.

The long-term impact of attacks on healthcare reverberates far beyond the immediate deaths, injuries and pain. They can result in the collapse of entire health systems: communities already enduring armed conflict are exposed to health crises, and without a functioning health system they continue to suffer needlessly. Essential health services are unable to cope; universal health care coverage and health-related sustainable development goals become impossible to achieve.

The single most effective way to prevent such terrible suffering is, without doubt, improving respect for international humanitarian law and the basic principle of humanity. Responsibility for respecting IHL lies with the parties to armed conflicts themselves. Additionally, all States must ensure respect for IHL, including within the framework of the Council, and exercise their influence over the practices of their military partners and allies.

The international community has a clear blueprint for action in the recommendations of the UN Secretary-General and by others, including the Health Care in Danger initiative of the International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement. Now Member States must put the political commitments of Resolution 2286 into concrete actions.

Some progress has been made including through diplomatic networks in Geneva and New York, but much more needs to be done, and with much greater urgency.

The ICRC calls for action in six key areas:

  • One, we need to be better able diagnose the problem. Reliable, systematic data collection is essential. While attention has focused on the devastating attacks in Syria, we know in many places attacks go undocumented, and therefore unnoticed by decision-makers. ICRC is ready to work with States and relevant UN agencies to ensure improved mechanisms are in place. Objective data is the basis for neutral, impartial and non-politicised debates, decisions and implementations of measures on this issue.
  • Two, we urge all States and parties to armed conflict to scrutinize, without delay, their military doctrine, procedures and practice so that medical care is protected in planning and conduct of military operations. States must take all possible measures to ensure their allies do the same, especially in joint and multinational military operations. Diplomatic and declaratory commitments remain meaningless, unless they are followed by the armed forces of the same actors and their allies on the ground.
  • Three, States should review their domestic legislation and practice to ensure the delivery of impartial medical care is in line with IHL and medical ethics at all times. Healthcare workers must be free to deliver impartial health care and not be coerced to act against medical ethics, threatened or detained for acting in accordance with the ethical principles of their profession. For example in a welcome step, Nigeria has changed laws so that hospitals can treat gunshot victims immediately, instead of waiting for a police report. It is an astonishing situation indeed when health workers are punished for helping victims while there is no accountability for attacks on hospitals.
  • Four, I encourage States to voluntarily report on their efforts to implement Resolution 2286. They should support, through technical or financial assistance, the implementation of practical measures by others through their bilateral and multilateral operations.
  • Five, I ask States to engage with the ICRC in bilateral confidential and operational dialogues with a view to change practices and behaviours by their armed forces and allies whenever we raise these issues. The amount of energy to deny even a confidential conversation to establish the facts and their legal reading is frankly obnoxious.
  • Finally, the Council should consistently advocate – unanimously and unambiguously – that violence against health care is never acceptable.

We know the solutions, we have the tools, and we have the support of many actors. It is political will that we urgently need.

ICRC President Peter Maurer’s address at the Ministerial breakfast meeting on “Protection of medical and humanitarian personnel in conflict” Hosted by the Permanent Mission of France, 31 October 2017, New York.

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World: Where is the urgency to bring attacks on healthcare to an end?

ICRC President’s speech on the protection of medical and humanitarian personnel in conflict

Since my last briefing, brutal attacks have continued, unabated, against the wounded and sick, medical care providers, ambulances and health care facilities.

We are at risk of creating a ‘new normal’: too many actors are legitimizing attacks as “collateral damage” rather than outrageous violations.

The question we need to be asking today is ‘where is the urgency to bring attacks to an end?’

The regularity and brutality of attacks – committed by both state armed forces and non-state armed groups – that ICRC witnesses is nothing short of alarming. The litany of attacks and killings in CAR, Syria and Afghanistan are well known. The losses are tragic, and they continue to occur with shocking regularity in most of the conflicts where the ICRC works, including in Nigeria, the Philippines, Libya, South Sudan, Syria, Iraq and Yemen.

The long-term impact of attacks on healthcare reverberates far beyond the immediate deaths, injuries and pain. They can result in the collapse of entire health systems: communities already enduring armed conflict are exposed to health crises, and without a functioning health system they continue to suffer needlessly. Essential health services are unable to cope; universal health care coverage and health-related sustainable development goals become impossible to achieve.

The single most effective way to prevent such terrible suffering is, without doubt, improving respect for international humanitarian law and the basic principle of humanity. Responsibility for respecting IHL lies with the parties to armed conflicts themselves. Additionally, all States must ensure respect for IHL, including within the framework of the Council, and exercise their influence over the practices of their military partners and allies.

The international community has a clear blueprint for action in the recommendations of the UN Secretary-General and by others, including the Health Care in Danger initiative of the International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement. Now Member States must put the political commitments of Resolution 2286 into concrete actions.

Some progress has been made including through diplomatic networks in Geneva and New York, but much more needs to be done, and with much greater urgency.

The ICRC calls for action in six key areas:

  • One, we need to be better able diagnose the problem. Reliable, systematic data collection is essential. While attention has focused on the devastating attacks in Syria, we know in many places attacks go undocumented, and therefore unnoticed by decision-makers. ICRC is ready to work with States and relevant UN agencies to ensure improved mechanisms are in place. Objective data is the basis for neutral, impartial and non-politicised debates, decisions and implementations of measures on this issue.

  • Two, we urge all States and parties to armed conflict to scrutinize, without delay, their military doctrine, procedures and practice so that medical care is protected in planning and conduct of military operations. States must take all possible measures to ensure their allies do the same, especially in joint and multinational military operations. Diplomatic and declaratory commitments remain meaningless, unless they are followed by the armed forces of the same actors and their allies on the ground.

  • Three, States should review their domestic legislation and practice to ensure the delivery of impartial medical care is in line with IHL and medical ethics at all times. Healthcare workers must be free to deliver impartial health care and not be coerced to act against medical ethics, threatened or detained for acting in accordance with the ethical principles of their profession. For example in a welcome step, Nigeria has changed laws so that hospitals can treat gunshot victims immediately, instead of waiting for a police report. It is an astonishing situation indeed when health workers are punished for helping victims while there is no accountability for attacks on hospitals.

  • Four, I encourage States to voluntarily report on their efforts to implement Resolution 2286. They should support, through technical or financial assistance, the implementation of practical measures by others through their bilateral and multilateral operations.

  • Five, I ask States to engage with the ICRC in bilateral confidential and operational dialogues with a view to change practices and behaviours by their armed forces and allies whenever we raise these issues. The amount of energy to deny even a confidential conversation to establish the facts and their legal reading is frankly obnoxious.

Finally, the Council should consistently advocate – unanimously and unambiguously – that violence against health care is never acceptable.

We know the solutions, we have the tools, and we have the support of many actors. It is political will that we urgently need.

ICRC President Peter Maurer’s address at the Ministerial breakfast meeting on “Protection of medical and humanitarian personnel in conflict” Hosted by the Permanent Mission of France, 31 October 2017, New York.

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